After completing our 3 1/2-year cycle of readings in the Torah, we’ve decided to continue with the historical books that follow, beginning with Joshua. We’ll read first about the conquest of the Canaanite tribes, then examine the disappointing time of the Judges – punctuated by the exploits of Gideon and Samson – and the turmoil that led up to the anointing of Saul as King.
1 Chronicles 18 restates generally what we read in 2 Samuel 8, and Psalm 60 was written expanding on these battles of King David, especially as they regard the defeat of Edom. The lesson is that when God “subdues” us, our talents and treasure are used for the kingdom and to furnish the Temple. The five cities of the Philistines are transformed to spiritually become the five gates of the Temple.
Notes on the Five Gates of the Temple
This chapter recounts David’s victories over Israel’s surrounding enemies and gives us a picture of Christ’s subduing of our willful flesh and old nature.
The companion Psalm 60 was written about these battles, especially David’s victory over Edom.
Notes on 2 Samuel 8:1-18 and Psalm 60
This week we take a closer look at God’s promise to David, the ‘Sure Mercies of David’ and the prophecy’s fulfillment in Christ the Messiah.
Notes on the Everlasting Promise to David
David’s desire to build God a Temple is postponed until the reign of his son Solomon. David cannot be the builder because he is a man of war, and the Temple would be a place of peace.
Notes on 2 Samuel 7:1-29
King David wants to bring the Ark of the Covenant to his new capital city of Jerusalem. But he neglects to follow the instructions laid out in the Law for how to transport it, and tragedy results.
Notes on 2 Samuel 6:1-23
Since next week we will be feasting and partying on Tabernacles, we will study about it this week to get ready.
The Feast of Tabernacles is a festival of light and joy. The spiritual meaning of the feast is expressed in a number of types – the booth, the ethrog and lulav, the lighting of the lamps, the water-and-wine-pouring ceremony, wearing of white garments, the 7-day Jewish wedding and the final eighth-day meal. Jesus fulfilled all these pictures.
Notes on the Feast of Tabernacles
Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atonement, is the climax of the ten days of awe and is
considered to be the most important day for the Jews in the liturgical year. The fast, which we will observe October 1-2, coincided with the sin offering offered for all Israel and the Kol Nidrei, the absolution of vows. Twin goats were chosen by lot, one for sacrifice and the other for release, bearing away the people’s guilt. It was the one time of the year that the high priest entered into the Temple’s Holy of Holies.
Jesus fulfilled this feast:
Hebrews 9:12 – “Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.”
Notes on Yom Kippur
Notes on the Kol Nidre
See Also Notes on Leviticus 16